Dry Eyes Symptoms & Treatments
Dry eyes occur when the eyes do not make enough tears, or the tears evaporate too quickly. This leads to the eyes drying out, becoming inflamed and irritated.
Although there is no cure for dry eye syndrome, for most people, symptoms of dry eye syndrome are mild. Occasionally, in more severe cases, it can become painful and lead to complications. Our optometrist can advise you accordingly.
- dry or sore eyes
- blurred vision
- burning and/or watering
Dry eye syndrome can have a number of causes, including:
- being in a hot or windy climate
- certain chronic diseases
- side effects of medicines
- hormonal changes & getting older (up to a third of people aged 65 or older may have dry eye syndrome)
- computer use (reduced blinking)
You can help ease or prevent dry eyes by:
- keeping your eyes and eyelids clean and protecting them from the environment
- using your computer or laptop correctly to avoid eye strain
- using a humidifier to moisten the air
- avoid air conditioning or sitting directly in front of a fire
- eating a healthy diet that includes flaxseed oil and omega-3 fats
Your optometrist can prescribe a range of artificial tears and eye ointments to soothe and lubricate the eye but contact your GP if you have any concerns.
Sometimes, contact lenses irritate the eye and cause dry eye syndrome. Changing to a different type of lens, or limiting their use, usually helps resolve the symptoms.
You may be able to help prevent dry eye syndrome or ease your symptoms by adjusting your environment, keeping your eyes clean and improving your diet. Unfortunately, once dry eye syndrome develops, some people have recurring episodes for the rest of their lives.